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This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical additional supply.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical additional supply.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the original or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis may phone the legitimacy associated with the arguments for the lens piece into concern, extend the arguments of this lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation for the two texts. In either case, you are creating a crucial “dialogue between texts.”

Reading the Texts

Because you will sooner or later would you like to hone in on points of commonality and discord between your two texts, your order and way by which you read them is essential.

First, read the lens text to determine the core that is author’s and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are generally thick and complex, it could be useful to develop an overview of this author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main some ideas” of this lens text, instead of working with remote quotes that will or may possibly not be indicative associated with the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you certainly realize and may articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.

Upcoming, quickly browse the target text to produce a basic concept of its content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of contract or disagreement involving the two texts? Which for the lens text’s arguments that are main be employed towards the target text? It might be better to give attention to 1 or 2 of this lens text’s arguments that are central.

By using these some ideas in your mind, return back and see the target text very very carefully, through the lens that is theoretical thinking about the following concerns: Exactly what are the primary aspects of the lens text and what exactly are their complementary components when you look at the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical vocabulary or logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Is there circumstances where in fact the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It is beneficial to keep a careful, written record of web page figures, quotes, as well as your ideas and reactions while you read.

Because this kind of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it’s particularly essential to possess a definite course of action before beginning composing. It might help to cluster quotes or occasions by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or perhaps alter the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, some ideas, and arguments will start to emerge and you may begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As your paper involves the complex interactions between numerous texts, you should explain what you will really be doing the introduction. Remember to obviously introduce the lens text and its own arguments that are specific should be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular certain themes or activities you’re going to be handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some style of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of conversation you will end up speaking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals concerning the texts.

Writing the human body

The human body is where you use particular arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific circumstances within the target text. In each full instance, be sure to talk about just just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or the other way around). Make use of the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the mark text, but remember to be clear about where a few ideas when you look at the paper are coming from (the lens text, the mark text, your own personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this particular analysis, you may be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your own personal tips. Since this really is definitely easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Inside their guide, they state, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to aid authors participate in unknown forms of critical educational discourse. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in almost any ability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them totally.

Here we modify their basic template (They say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:

The writer of this lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the prospective text. Indeed, within the target text, one sees ________, that could be looked at a good example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Therefore, we come across a point of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.

In accordance with the lens text _______ tends to take place in situations where _______. By the lens author’s definition, ________ in the prospective text could possibly be considered a case of _______. Nonetheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the goal text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, you might be prepared to see ________ in the prospective text. Nevertheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a crucial point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This problem is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing

By this aspect in your essay, you ought to be drawing conclusions regarding exactly what your lens analysis reveals in regards to the texts in concerns, or perhaps the wider problems the texts target. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are essential for the control by which you might be composing. Quite simply, that which was the purpose of performing your analysis when you look at the place that is first? Pleased lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

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